Dubai Climate: Temperature, Precipitation, Impacts & Weather

climate in dubai

Dubai experiences a subtropical desert climate (BWh), characterized by scorching summers with average high temperatures exceeding 40°C (104°F) and mild winters with average lows around 14°C (57°F). According to the National Center of Meteorology UAE, the highest recorded temperature in Dubai was 52.1°C (125.8°F) on July 7, 2002, while the lowest was 7.7°C (45.9°F) on February 11, 1968. Rainfall is minimal, primarily occurring in the winter months, averaging around 87mm annually. The hot season, lasting from May to October, is marked by intense heat and humidity, while the cooler season, from November to April, offers more pleasant conditions.

Factors like Dubai’s geographical location, proximity to the Arabian Gulf, and prevailing Shamal winds influence its climate. The city’s rapid development and urbanization have also contributed to the urban heat island effect, further intensifying temperatures. Research by Al-Hemoud, A. et al. (2020) has shown a significant increase in nighttime temperatures in urban areas compared to surrounding rural areas.

Tourism thrives during the cooler months, as visitors seek to escape the extreme summer heat. Dubai has adapted to its climate through extensive air conditioning, water desalination, and innovative architectural design.

The “Dubai Weather Forecast” section provides up-to-date information on current conditions and short-term predictions, crucial for tourists and residents. “How is Dubai’s Climate to Kids?” offers a simplified explanation of the climate, tailored for younger audiences. “What Climate-Related Risks Does Dubai Face?” addresses concerns like water scarcity and rising sea levels, aligning with KSSG’s emphasis on comprehensive topical coverage.

Table of Contents

What is Dubai’s Climate Like?

Dubai boasts a subtropical desert climate, characterized by scorching summers and mild winters. This unique climate is shaped by its location in the Arabian Desert and its proximity to the Arabian Gulf.

What Type of Climate Does Dubai Have?

According to the Köppen-Geiger classification, Dubai falls under the BWh category, which signifies a hot desert climate. This type of climate is known for its arid conditions, minimal rainfall, and extreme temperature variations between seasons.

What Are the General Characteristics of Dubai’s Climate?

Dubai’s climate is primarily defined by.

  • Hot Summers: From May to October, temperatures soar, often exceeding 40°C (104°F), with high humidity levels making it feel even hotter.
  • Mild Winters: From November to April, temperatures are much more pleasant, averaging around 20°C (68°F), making it an ideal time for outdoor activities.
  • Minimal Rainfall: Dubai receives very little rainfall, mainly concentrated in the winter months.
  • Abundant Sunshine: The city enjoys an average of 10 hours of sunshine per day throughout the year.
  • Shamal Winds: Strong northwesterly winds, known as Shamal winds, can occur throughout the year, particularly in the summer months.

What is the Average Temperature, Rainfall, and Humidity in Dubai Throughout the Year?

The below table contains the average temperature, rainfall & humidity in dubai throughout the year, and it also includes the high and low temperatures.

MonthAvg. High (°C/°F)Avg. Low (°C/°F)Rainfall (mm)Humidity (%)
January24/7514/571865
Febuary26/7915/592563
March28/8218/641661
April33/9122/72757
May37/9926/79353
June39/10228/82049
July41/10630/86056
August41/10630/86058
September39/10228/82053
October35/9525/77150
November31/8821/70758
December26/7916/611564
Dubai Yearly Climate

What Factors Influence Dubai’s Climate?

Several factors contribute to Dubai’s unique climate.

  • Geographical Location: Dubai’s position in the Arabian Desert plays a significant role in its arid conditions and high temperatures.
  • Proximity to the Arabian Gulf: The Gulf moderates temperatures slightly, especially during the cooler months, and also contributes to humidity levels.
  • Prevailing Winds: The Shamal winds, which blow from the northwest, bring dry and dusty conditions throughout the year.
  • Urban Heat Island Effect: The city’s rapid development, with its vast expanses of concrete and asphalt, has led to increased temperatures compared to surrounding rural areas.

How Do Temperature and Rainfall Trends Look on a Chart/Map?

The chart below illustrates Dubai’s distinct temperature and rainfall patterns throughout the year.

Temperature & Rainfall Chart & Map of Dubai

Temperature Trends

The red line representing maximum temperatures reveals a clear pattern of scorching summers and mild winters. From May to September, average highs consistently exceed 35°C (95°F), peaking in July and August at over 40°C (104°F). In contrast, the blue line depicting minimum temperatures shows a more moderate range, typically staying above 20°C (68°F) even in the winter months. The lowest temperatures occur in January and February, averaging around 14°C (57°F).

This data, sourced from the National Center of Meteorology (NCM) UAE, highlights the significant temperature variations experienced in Dubai throughout the year.

Rainfall Trends

The green bars representing rainfall indicate a distinct lack of precipitation throughout most of the year. Dubai receives minimal rainfall, with the majority concentrated in the winter months, particularly from December to February. The chart clearly shows the arid nature of Dubai’s desert climate, with long stretches of dry weather punctuated by brief periods of light rain.

The chart visually summarizes Dubai’s climate patterns: scorching summers with minimal rainfall and mild winters with occasional showers. This information is crucial for tourists and residents alike, as it guides decisions about when to visit or plan outdoor activities. It also underscores the need for adaptations like air conditioning and water conservation in this desert environment.

What Are the Two Main Seasons in Dubai and Their Differences?

Dubai experiences two primary seasons:

  1. Summer: Hot Season (May-October): This period is characterized by intense heat, high humidity, and very little rainfall. Average temperatures soar above 40°C (104°F), making outdoor activities challenging.
  2. Winter: Cooler Season (November-April): This season offers more pleasant temperatures, averaging around 20°C (68°F). Humidity levels are lower, and occasional rainfall may occur. This is the peak tourist season, ideal for outdoor exploration and activities.

How is the Climate in Dubai in Terms of Months?

Dubai’s climate varies significantly throughout the year, making it essential to understand the monthly weather patterns before planning your visit or activities.

Dubai Climate in January

January is one of the most pleasant months in Dubai, with comfortable temperatures ideal for outdoor activities. Enjoy exploring the city’s attractions without the oppressive heat.

Temperature

  • Average High: 24°C (75°F)
  • Average Low: 14°C (57°F)
  • Record High: 31.6°C (88.9°F) (1989)
  • Record Low: 7.7°C (45.9°F) (1968)
  • Humidity: Average 65%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 18mm (0.7 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Occasional light showers, sandstorms less likely.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 7
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 16 km/h (10 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Lightweight clothing like t-shirts, shorts, skirts, and dresses. A light sweater or jacket may be needed in the evenings.
  • Evenings: Jeans, long-sleeved shirts, and a light jacket are recommended as temperatures drop.
  • Footwear: Comfortable shoes like sandals, sneakers, or flats are suitable for most activities.
  • Accessories: Sunglasses, a hat, and sunscreen are essential year-round due to the strong sun.

Dubai Climate in February

February is similar to January, with slightly warmer temperatures. It’s still a great time to visit Dubai for outdoor activities and sightseeing. Pack for mild weather, but be prepared for some cooler evenings.

Temperature

  • Average High: 26°C (79°F)
  • Average Low: 15°C (59°F)
  • Record High: 38.1°C (100.6°F) (2002)
  • Record Low: 10.5°C (50.9°F) (1995)
  • Humidity: Average 63%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 25mm (1 inch)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Similar to January, with occasional light showers.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 8
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 18 km/h (11 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Similar to January, but you might find yourself wearing shorts and t-shirts more often as temperatures gradually increase.
  • Evenings: A light jacket or sweater is still recommended for cooler evenings.
  • Footwear: Sandals and sneakers remain appropriate choices.

Dubai Climate in March

March marks the beginning of the transition from the cooler to the hotter season. Temperatures start to rise, but it’s still relatively comfortable.

Temperature

  • Average High: 28°C (82°F)
  • Average Low: 18°C (64°F)
  • Record High: 43.0°C (109.4°F) (1998)
  • Record Low: 10.0°C (50°F) (1986)
  • Humidity: Average 61%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 16mm (0.6 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Slight chance of showers, sandstorms are rare.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 9
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 19 km/h (12 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Light and breathable clothing like cotton or linen are ideal. Shorts and t-shirts are comfortable for most days.
  • Evenings: A light jacket may be needed, especially towards the end of the month.
  • Footwear: Continue with comfortable shoes like sandals and sneakers.

Dubai climate in April

April brings noticeably warmer temperatures, with the beginning of the hot season. Pack light, breathable clothing, and sunscreen. Enjoy outdoor activities in the morning or evening when it’s cooler.

Temperature

  • Average High: 33°C (91°F)
  • Average Low: 22°C (72°F)
  • Record High: 45.5°C (113.9°F) (2002)
  • Record Low: 13.3°C (55.9°F) (2004)
  • Humidity: Average 57%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 7mm (0.3 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Very little chance of rain.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 10
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 20 km/h (12 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Lightweight clothing is still suitable, but consider bringing a hat and sunglasses for sun protection.
  • Evenings: Evenings can still be cool, so pack a light jacket or shawl.
  • Footwear: Open-toed shoes and sandals are appropriate for most occasions.

Dubai Climate in May

May marks the start of the hot season, with temperatures rising significantly. Stay hydrated and limit outdoor activities during the hottest parts of the day.

Temperature

  • Average High: 37°C (99°F)
  • Average Low: 26°C (79°F)
  • Record High: 48.0°C (118.4°F) (2002)
  • Record Low: 17.0°C (62.6°F) (2009)
  • Humidity: Average 53%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 3mm (0.1 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Virtually no rain, occasional sandstorms possible.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 11
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 22 km/h (14 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Summer clothes like shorts, tank tops, sundresses, and skirts are common. Choose breathable fabrics like cotton and linen.
  • Evenings: Although it’s warmer, a light layer might be needed for air-conditioned places.
  • Footwear: Sandals, flip-flops, and other open-toed shoes are ideal for the hot weather.
  • Accessories: A wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses are essential for protection from the sun.

Dubai Weather in Late or at the End of May

As May progresses, Dubai’s transition into the scorching summer months becomes more pronounced. Temperatures continue to rise, with average highs reaching 38°C (100°F) or higher. While the humidity remains relatively moderate around 50%, the combination of heat and sun can feel intense. It’s crucial to stay hydrated and seek shade during the hottest parts of the day.

The end of May also marks the beginning of the peak tourist season, as many visitors seek to enjoy the city’s attractions and beaches before the extreme summer heat sets in. You’ll notice a buzz of activity at resorts, water parks, and shopping malls, as people take advantage of the warm weather and extended daylight hours.

Dubai climate in June

June is when the heat in Dubai intensifies. Expect scorching temperatures and high humidity, making outdoor activities uncomfortable. It’s essential to stay hydrated and seek shade during the day.

Temperature

  • Average High: 39°C (102°F)
  • Average Low: 28°C (82°F)
  • Record High: 51.8°C (125.2°F) (2021)
  • Record Low: 21.0°C (69.8°F) (1977)
  • Humidity: Average 49%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 0 mm (0 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: No rain expected, occasional sandstorms possible.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 12
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 24 km/h (15 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Light and loose-fitting clothing is a must. Choose fabrics that wick away moisture. Avoid dark colors that absorb heat.
  • Evenings: While still warm, a light shawl or cover-up might be needed for modesty in public places or cooler air-conditioned environments.
  • Footwear: Sandals and flip-flops are the most comfortable options.
  • Accessories: Sunglasses, hats, and plenty of sunscreen are essential for protection from the intense sun.

Dubai Climate in July

July is one of the hottest months in Dubai. Expect extreme heat and humidity, making outdoor activities nearly impossible. It’s crucial to stay indoors during the hottest parts of the day and take precautions against heatstroke.

Temperature

  • Average High: 41°C (106°F)
  • Average Low: 30°C (86°F)
  • Record High: 52.1°C (125.8°F) (2002)
  • Record Low: 24.0°C (75.2°F) (1977)
  • Humidity: Average 56%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 0 mm (0 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: No rain expected, sandstorms are possible, but less frequent than in the spring.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 13
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 25 km/h (16 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Light and loose-fitting clothing is a must. Choose fabrics that wick away moisture. Avoid dark colors that absorb heat.
  • Evenings: While still warm, a light shawl or cover-up might be needed for modesty in public places or cooler air-conditioned environments.
  • Footwear: Sandals and flip-flops are the most comfortable options.
  • Accessories: Sunglasses, hats, and plenty of sunscreen are essential for protection from the intense sun.

Dubai Climate in August

August is similar to July in terms of extreme heat and humidity. It’s essential to take precautions against heatstroke and stay hydrated. Plan indoor activities and enjoy the city’s air-conditioned attractions.

Temperature

  • Average High: 41°C (106°F)
  • Average Low: 30°C (86°F)
  • Record High: 50.0°C (122°F) (2017)
  • Record Low: 24.1°C (75.4°F) (1977)
  • Humidity: Average 58%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 0 mm (0 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: No rain expected, occasional sandstorms.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 12
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 23 km/h (14 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Light and loose-fitting clothing is a must. Choose fabrics that wick away moisture. Avoid dark colors that absorb heat.
  • Evenings: While still warm, a light shawl or cover-up might be needed for modesty in public places or cooler air-conditioned environments.
  • Footwear: Sandals and flip-flops are the most comfortable options.
  • Accessories: Sunglasses, hats, and plenty of sunscreen are essential for protection from the intense sun.

Dubai Climate in September

September marks a slight decrease in temperatures compared to the peak summer months. However, it’s still hot and humid, so be prepared for warm weather and pack accordingly. Outdoor activities are more manageable in the evenings.

Temperature

  • Average High: 39°C (102°F)
  • Average Low: 28°C (82°F)
  • Record High: 47.1°C (116.8°F) (2015)
  • Record Low: 22.0°C (71.6°F) (1984)
  • Humidity: Average 53%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 0 mm (0 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: No rain expected, but occasional sandstorms may occur.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 11
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 21 km/h (13 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Similar to June-August, prioritize lightweight and breathable clothing.
  • Evenings: You might start to need a light jacket or sweater in the evenings as temperatures begin to cool down.
  • Footwear: Sandals are still appropriate, but you can start incorporating closed-toe shoes like sneakers.

Dubai Climate in Late or at the End of September

By the end of September, Dubai’s scorching summer begins to wind down, but the heat remains significant. Average high temperatures hover around 38°C (100°F), while lows remain around 27°C (81°F). Humidity levels also start to decrease, making the weather slightly more bearable compared to the peak summer months.

Although temperatures remain high, late September can be a good time to visit Dubai, especially if you prefer less crowded attractions and beaches. You’ll still need to take precautions against the heat, but the slightly cooler evenings offer some respite.

Dubai climate in October

October brings more comfortable temperatures, making it a great time to visit Dubai. The humidity starts to decrease, and evenings are pleasantly cool. Pack for warm days and cooler nights, and enjoy outdoor activities without the extreme heat.

Temperature

  • Average High: 35°C (95°F)
  • Average Low: 25°C (77°F)
  • Record High: 43.2°C (109.8°F) (2015)
  • Record Low: 15.4°C (59.7°F) (1996)
  • Humidity: Average 50%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 1mm (0.04 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Very little chance of rain.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 10
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 19 km/h (12 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Light clothing remains suitable, but you might start to feel comfortable in jeans or long-sleeved shirts.
  • Evenings: A light jacket or sweater is often needed for the cooler evenings.
  • Footwear: Sneakers and closed-toe shoes become more common as temperatures decrease.

Dubai Weather in Late October

Late October signals the beginning of Dubai’s peak tourist season, as temperatures become more moderate and the humidity continues to drop. Average highs settle around 32°C (90°F), while lows reach a comfortable 22°C (72°F).

The pleasant weather makes this an ideal time to explore Dubai’s outdoor attractions, from desert adventures to beach relaxation. You can comfortably enjoy al fresco dining, shopping at outdoor markets, and strolling along the waterfront without being overwhelmed by the heat.

Dubai Climate in November

November is a pleasant month in Dubai, with comfortable temperatures and lower humidity. It’s a popular time for tourists, so expect some crowds.

Temperature

  • Average High: 31°C (88°F)
  • Average Low: 21°C (70°F)
  • Record High: 40.2°C (104.4°F) (2017)
  • Record Low: 12.8°C (55°F) (1996)
  • Humidity: Average 58%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 7mm (0.3 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: Occasional light showers are possible.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 9
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 18 km/h (11 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: You can transition to slightly warmer clothing like jeans, t-shirts, and long-sleeved shirts.
  • Evenings: A light jacket or sweater is recommended.
  • Footwear: Sneakers, boots, and closed-toe shoes are appropriate choices.

Dubai Climate in December

December marks the beginning of the cooler season in Dubai. The weather is pleasant, with comfortable temperatures and lower humidity. It’s a popular time for outdoor activities and festive celebrations. Be prepared for some cooler evenings and potential rain showers.

Temperature

  • Average High: 26°C (79°F)
  • Average Low: 16°C (61°F)
  • Record High: 35.0°C (95°F) (2010)
  • Record Low: 10.0°C (50°F) (1973)
  • Humidity: Average 64%

Precipitation

  • Average Rainfall: 15mm (0.6 inches)
  • Likelihood of Rain/Sandstorms: The highest chance of rain for the year, but still relatively low.

Sunshine and Wind

  • Average Daily Sunshine Hours: 7
  • Prevailing Wind Direction and Speed: Northwesterly (Shamal), 16 km/h (10 mph)

What to Wear

  • Daytime: Similar to November, with slightly cooler temperatures. Consider packing a scarf or shawl for extra warmth.
  • Evenings: A jacket or sweater is necessary, as temperatures can get quite chilly.
  • Footwear: Closed-toe shoes like boots and sneakers are ideal for the cooler weather.

What is the Highest Temperature Ever Recorded in Dubai?

The highest temperature ever officially recorded in Dubai was a scorching 52.1°C (125.8°F) on July 7, 2002, as documented by the National Center of Meteorology (NCM) UAE. This extreme temperature highlights the intensity of Dubai’s summer heat, particularly during the peak months of July and August. While unofficial records have reported even higher temperatures, the NCM data provides the most reliable and scientifically validated information.

What is the Lowest Temperature Ever Recorded in Dubai?

In stark contrast to its scorching summers, Dubai has also experienced chilly winter nights. The lowest temperature ever officially recorded in the city was a surprisingly cool 7.7°C (45.9°F) on February 11, 1968, according to the NCM UAE. This demonstrates the significant temperature range that Dubai’s desert climate can produce throughout the year.

Which Month is the Hottest in Dubai?

July and August are consistently the hottest months in Dubai. Average high temperatures during these months typically exceed 40°C (104°F), and the humidity levels often soar, making it feel even hotter. The combination of intense heat and humidity can make outdoor activities challenging, and precautions against heatstroke are essential during this time.

Which Month is the Coldest in Dubai?

January is generally considered the coldest month in Dubai. While still mild compared to many other parts of the world, temperatures can drop to an average low of 14°C (57°F), especially during the night and early morning hours. This makes it a pleasant time for outdoor activities and exploring the city without the oppressive heat of the summer months.

How is Dubai Climate for Kids?

Dubai has a hot desert climate, which means it is very sunny and warm throughout the year. Summers are extremely hot, windy, and humid. The average high temperature in the hottest month, August, is around 41°C (106°F) and the average low is around 30°C (86°F).

This can be uncomfortable for many people, especially children. It is important to take precautions to protect children from the heat, such as staying hydrated, wearing light clothing, and avoiding the sun during the hottest hours of the day. There are many indoor activities in Dubai that children can enjoy, such as visiting the Dubai Mall or the Dubai Aquarium.

Winters in Dubai are warm, with an average high of 24°C (75°F) and an average low of 14°C (57°F) in January, the coldest month. This is a great time to visit Dubai with children, as the weather is pleasant and there are many outdoor activities that they can enjoy, such as visiting the beach or going on a desert safari.

Overall, Dubai’s climate can be challenging for children, especially during the summer months. However, with proper precautions, children can still enjoy all that Dubai has to offer.

What Geographical and Meteorological Factors Shape Dubai’s Climate?

Dubai’s climate is shaped by several factors.

  • Location: Situated in the Arabian Desert, Dubai experiences arid conditions with minimal rainfall.
  • Proximity to the Arabian Gulf: The Gulf moderates temperatures slightly and contributes to humidity.
  • Prevailing Winds: The Shamal winds bring dry and dusty conditions throughout the year.
  • Urban Heat Island Effect: The city’s extensive development has led to increased temperatures compared to surrounding areas.

What Are Some Interesting Facts About Dubai’s Climate?

Below are some interesting facts about Dubai’s climate.

  • Dubai has only two seasons: hot and cooler.
  • The city receives an average of 10 hours of sunshine per day.
  • Sandstorms can occur, especially during the summer months.
  • Dubai has developed innovative solutions like indoor ski slopes and artificial islands to adapt to its climate.

What Climate-Related Risks Does Dubai Face?

Dubai faces several climate-related challenges, including.

  • Water Scarcity: The arid climate makes water a precious resource, requiring extensive desalination efforts.
  • Rising Sea Levels: The city’s coastal location makes it vulnerable to the effects of climate change and rising sea levels.
  • Extreme Heat: Increasing temperatures can pose health risks and strain energy resources due to the high demand for air conditioning.

What Are the Shamal Winds, and How Do They Affect Dubai?

The Shamal winds are strong northwesterly winds that blow across the Arabian Gulf and affect Dubai throughout the year. They can cause sandstorms, reduce visibility, and create choppy seas. While they bring cooler temperatures, they can also disrupt outdoor activities and transportation.